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bread怎么读(some怎么读)
精力束台经 发表于:2022-1-1 02:56:14 复制链接 发表新帖
阅读数:30
在英语学习过程中,词汇量的累积,是培养语言技能的基础。应对考博英语的拦路虎——长难句,词义的掌握、词汇量的累积也显得格外重要!
对单词的掌握,靠的是日积月累、及时复习
小赛将带着同学们进行考博英语每日高低频词的打卡,利用碎片化时间快速记忆,让学英语变成一个良好的习惯。


高频词
01
comparison [kmprsn] n.
n. 比较;对比;相比
一、构词
com 共同   par 平等   ison → 平等地放在一起 → 比较
二、常用搭配
comparison with sb/sth 比较
comparison of A and/to/with B / comparison between A and B 对比;相比
by comparison (尤用于句首)比较起来,较之
by/in comparison (with sb/sth) (与……)相比较
there’s no comparison (强调比较之下的差别)无法相比,根本不能相提并论
三、例句
Comparison with other oil-producing countries is extremely interesting.
与其他石油生产国作一比较是很有意思的。
It is difficult to make a comparison with her previous book—they are completely different.
这很难与她以前的书相比—两者是截然不同的。
By comparison, expenditure on education increased last year.
相比之下,去年教育经费增加了。
In terms of price there’s no comparison.
在价格方面无法相比。
四、拓展
同:parabole, imagery
02
compel [kmpel] v.
v. 强迫;迫使;使必须;引起(反应)
一、构词
com 表加强   pel 驱动,推 → 一再推 → 强迫
二、例句
The law can compel employers to provide endowment insurance.
这项法律可强迫雇主提供养老保险。
For some of us, the oldest mysteries, the ones before our time, are the most compelling.
对于我们中的大多数人来说,最能引起我们注意的古老秘密往往是早于我们所生活的这个阿里朵宝宝时代的。
三、拓展
同:pressure, force, enforce
派:compelling 引人注目的;强制的;激发兴趣的
03
compensate [kmpenset] v.
v. 补偿;弥补;给(某人)赔偿(或赔款)
一、构词
com 加强   pens 花费   ate 使…… → 花费的钱(全部拿回来)→ 赔偿
二、常用搭配
compensate for sth. 补偿;弥补
compensate sb (for sth) 给(某人)赔偿(或赔款)
三、例句
Nothing can compensate for the loss of a loved one.
失去心爱的人是无法补偿的。
Her lawyers say she should be compensated for the suffering she had been caused.
她的律师说她应该为所遭受的痛苦得到赔偿。
四、拓展
同:make good, to make up for
04
compensation [kmpensen] n.
n. 补偿(或赔偿)物;(尤指)赔偿金,补偿金;赔偿;使坏的情况变好的事物;(对不利局面的)补偿
一、常用搭配
compensation for sth 补偿
二、例句
He received one year’s salary as compensation for loss of office.
他得到一年的薪水作为阿里朵宝宝失去职位的补偿金。
Helen gained some compensation for her earlier defeat by winning the final open class.
海伦通过赢得公开赛的决赛获得了对先前失利的一些补偿。
三、拓展
同:payment
派:compensation 补偿;报酬;赔偿金
compensable 可补偿的;应予以补偿的
05
compete [kmpi: t] v.
v. 竞争;对抗;参加比赛(或竞赛)
一、构词
com 共同   pet 寻求;力争   e → 共同追求(一个目标)→ 竞争
二、常用搭配
compete (with /against sb) (for sth) 竞争;对抗
compete (in sth) (against sb) 参加比赛(或竞赛)
三、例句
Several companies are competing for the contract.
为得到那项合同,几家公司正在竞争。
He’s hoping to compete in the London marathon.
他期盼着参加伦敦马拉松比赛。
四、拓展
同:contest, cope


低频词
boundary [bandri] n.
n. 边界;范围;分界线
构词:bound 界限   ary 场所,地点 → 分界线
常用搭配:boundary condition 边界条件
boundary value 边值
例句:How can volcanic activity occur so far from a plate boundary?
火山活动是如何在离板块边界那么远的地方发生的呢?
The fence marked the boundary between my property and hers.
那道篱笆曾是我和她的房产之间的地界。
拓展
同:territory, area
bow [ba] n./v.
n. 弓;蝴蝶结;鞠躬
v. 鞠躬;点头;弯曲
常用搭配:bow down 鞠躬
bow in 恭敬
例句:He was armed with a bow and arrow.
他佩带着弓箭。
Her hair was tied back in a neat bow.
她的头发扎在脑后打了个整齐的蝴蝶结。
拓展
同:stoop down, bend down
bowel [bal] n./v.
n. 肠;内部;同情
v. 将……的肚肠取出
常用搭配:bowel movement 排便
small bowel 小肠
例句:The boy was suffering from a bowel obstruction.
那男孩当时在受肠梗阻之苦。
This bowel problem might cause a new kind of autism.
这肠道问题可以引起一种新型自闭症。
拓展
同:feeling, compassion
bowl [bl] n./v.
n. 碗;木球;大酒杯
v. 投球;旋转
常用搭配:mixing bowl 搅拌钵
rice bowl 饭碗
例句:She served him a bowl of beef stew
她给他端了一碗炖牛肉。
I have a bowl of cereal every morning.
我每天早上吃一碗麦片粥。
拓展
同:rummer
bowling [bl] n.
n. 滚木球戏;保龄球戏
v. 打保龄球
常用搭配:bowling alley 保龄球馆
bowling ball 保龄球
例句:I prefer bowling to baseball.
比起棒球,我更喜欢打保龄球。
I went bowling this evening.
今天晚上我去打保龄球了。
box [bks] v./n.
v. 拳击;装……入盒中
n. 箱,盒子;包厢
常用搭配:in the box在盒子里
box office 票房
例句:The inside of the box was blue.
盒子的内面呈蓝色。
The box will do fine as a table.
这个箱子用作桌子还蛮不错。
拓展
同:case, balcony
boy n.
n. 男孩;男人
常用搭配:little boy 小男孩
boy friend 男朋友
例句:The boy was cheeky and casual.
这个男孩嘻皮笑脸、随随便便。
The boy has great potential.
这个男孩有很大的潜力。
拓展
同:jack, male
boycott [bkt] v./n.
v. 联合抵制;拒绝购买
n. 联合抵制
常用搭配:secondary boycott 间接抵制
primary boycott 直接抵制
例句:Opposition leaders had called for a boycott of the vote.
反对派领导者号召联合抵制投票。
Some people even said they would boycott the airline.
有些人甚至说他们要抵制这家航空公司。
brace [bres] v./n.
v. 使做准备;抵住;绷紧
n. 夹子;支架;牙箍
常用搭配:brace up 下定决心
brace yourself 振作精神
例句:Overhead, the lights showed the old timbers, used to brace the roof.
在头顶上,光线照射出支撑屋顶的旧木头。
Once they made him wear a brace but he fretted so he was downright ill.
有一次,他们让他戴上支架,但他焦躁不安,因此病得很重。
拓展
同:stay, mainstay
bracket [brkt] n./v.
n. 支架,墙上凸出的托架
v. 括在一起
常用搭配:close bracket 右方括号
mounting bracket 安装支架
例句:Each bracket is fixed to the wall with just three screws.
每个托架只用3颗螺钉固定在墙上。
Most of the houses are out of our price bracket.
大多数房子都超出我们的价格范围。
拓展
同:eliminate, exclude
brain [bren] n./v.
n. 头脑,智力;脑袋
v. 猛击……的头部
常用搭配:human brain 人脑
brain damage 脑损伤
例句:Alcohol acts quickly on the brain.
酒精对大脑迅速产生影响。
They removed a clot from his brain.
他们从他的大脑里取出了血块。
拓展
同:mind, mentality
branch [brnt] n./v.
n. 分支;分公司;分部
v. 发出新枝;岔开
常用搭配:branch point 分支点
branch company 分公司
例句:He chopped a branch off the tree.
他从那棵树上砍下一根树枝。
Deposits can be made at any branch.
在任何一家分行都可以存钱。
拓展
同:sticks, feeder
brand [brnd] n./v.
n. 品牌,商标;类型
v. 败坏(某人)名声
常用搭配:famous brand 名牌
brand image 品牌形象
例句:She bought her car brand new.
她买的汽车是全新的。
In office supplies, we’re the brand leader.
在办公用品中,我们是品牌先锋。
拓展
同:logo, label
brandy [brndi] n.
n. 白兰地酒
常用搭配:fruit brandy 水果白兰地
例句:I gave him some brandy to ease the pain.
我给了他一些白兰地以减轻疼痛。
All sherry is made from wine fortified with brandy.
所有雪利酒都是由用白兰地强化了的葡萄酒制成的。
brass [brs] n.
n. 黄铜;黄铜制品;铜管乐器
常用搭配:brass wire 黄铜丝
brass quintet 铜管五重奏
例句:Brass is an alloy of copper and zinc.
黄铜是铜锌合金。
Our door knocker is cast in solid brass.
我们的门环是纯铜铸造的。
拓展
同:orichalc, yellow metal
brave [brev] adj./n.
adj. 勇敢的,无畏的;表现勇敢的
n. 勇敢的人
常用搭配:brave oneself 自夸
brave it out 拼到底
例句:Charles was brave and remarkably good-humoured.
查尔斯很勇敢,脾气也好。
The bodyguards, as usual, were brave but oafish.
这些保镖一如既往地勇敢但莽撞无礼
拓展
同:warrior, lionheart
派:bravely勇敢地
coalition [kln] n.
n. 联合;结合,合并
常用搭配:coalition force 联军
coalition government 联合政府
例句:His policy risks fracturing the coalition.
他的政策有分裂联盟的危险。
Since June the country has had a coalition government.
从6月起,这个国家有了一个联合政府。
拓展
同:alliance, combination
breach [brit] n./v.
n. 违背,违犯;破坏;中断,终止;突破口;缺口;窟窿
v. 违背,违犯;破坏;在……上打开缺口
常用搭配:breach of sth. (对法规等的)违背,违犯;破坏;辜负
例句:They are in breach of Article 119.
他们违犯了第119条。
The company was fined  20 000 for breaching safety regulations.
这家公司因违反安全条例而被罚款2万英镑。
拓展
同:separation, gap, violation, infringement; destroy, violate
bread [bred] n./v.
n. 面包;钱
v. 在……上撒面包屑
例句:We stopped and bought some bread.
我们停下来买了一些面包。
It is important that food be breaded just minutes before frying.
把食物抹上面包屑后过几分钟就炸,这一阿里朵宝宝点很重要。
拓展
同:living, keep, livelihood
break [brek] v./n.
v. (使)破,裂,碎;弄坏;损坏;坏掉;弄破;使流血;违犯;背弃;暂停;中断;强行终止;逃脱;挣脱;使难过;突变;开始;(风暴)发作;公布,透露,说出;(因激动)变调;打破(纪录);拍岸;迸溅;破译;破解;把……换成零钱;找开
n. 间断;休息;短假;插播广告的间隙;短期休假;改变,终止,中断;间隔,缝隙;机会,机遇;破裂;骨折;接发球得分
常用搭配:break (sth.) (in/into sth.) (使)破,裂,碎
break through 突破;突围;有重要创见
例句:You need a break from routine.
你需要从日常工作中解脱出来去休息一下。
拓展
同:crack, crush, split
派:broke 一文不名的,破产的
broken 破碎的;坏掉的
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